Makar Sankranti is a harvest festival. It is a major Hindu festival in India. Sankranti celebrated on the 14th of January in 2021. The meaning of Sankranti is the transmigration of the sun from one zodiac to the next. People around India celebrate and convey Sankranti’s wishes to everyone. As per the solar calendars of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Odisha, Punjab, and Gujarat, there are 12 Sankranti in a year, each one noted as the beginning of a month. While in the solar calendar of Bengal and Assam, noted at the end of each month and the following day at the starting of a new month.
- 1 Why do we celebrate Sankranti?
- 2 Uttarayana and Dakshinayana:
- 3 Sankranti celebrations across India:
- 3.1 Sankranti celebration in Telangana and Andhra Pradesh:
- 3.2 Makar Sankranti celebration in Maharashtra :
- 3.3 Makar Sankranti Celebrations in Tamil Nadu
- 3.4 Makar Sankranti Celebrations in West Bengal:
- 3.5 Kumbh Mela: Kumbh Mela history and its importance
- 3.6 Happy Sankranti Wishes in Kannada:
- 3.7 Happy Sankranti Wishes, Messages, and Status:
- 3.8 Lohri Quotes:
Why do we celebrate Sankranti?
Sankranti is celebrated for many reasons based on the agricultural environment, different climates, various cultures, and location. Sankranti is the transmigration of the sun into Capricorn on its celestial path.
Every year on the 14th of January, Makar Sankranti is celebrated, and the only festival celebrated on the fixed date of the solar calendar in India. All the other Indian festivals are celebrated according to the lunar calendar dates.
The meaning of Sankranti is movement. In the Hindu calendar, the sun enters into the zodiac Capricorn. Sankranti is also termed as Utarayana(the movement of the sun towards the north).
Indians follow the lunar calendar, the difference between the solar calendar and lunar calendar. In the lunar calendar, the time taken for the moon to go from new moon to new moon and from full moon to full moon is 29.5 days.
Twelve full moons will occur in 354 days, so the lunar year has 354 days. And in the solar calendar, the time taken for the sun to return to the same spot is 365.25 days.
There is a difference of 11.25 days between the two calendars. Therefore, to synchronise the two calendars approximately, for every 2.5 years, an intercalary month was added to the lunar calendar.
More About Sankranti
According to Puranas, everyone believed that on the day of Sankranti, Lord Surya visited his son Lord Shani to jol the son and father’s good relationship despite the differences between them. The Puranas also mention that they never get along ordinarily. Lord Shani is also the representative of Capricorn.
There is another myth behind the celebration of the Sankranti festival, Bhishma Pitamah was born sanctified with a special boon of choosing his death time.
After being wounded in the war of Mahabharata, he was laid on the bed of arrows. He was waiting for the auspicious time to die and said he had died on this particular day. So believed that whoever dies in this particular period will get salvation(moksha).
Another legend states that on Sankranti, King Bhageeratha brought the River Ganga down to Patala to get salvation to his cursed ancestors. Sage Kapila cursed then and turned into ashes.
Another myth, Lord Vishnu buried Ashuras below the Mandara mountain on this day. It marks the end of evil and the dawn of good.
Uttarayana and Dakshinayana:
Uttarayana and Dakshinayana are the terms common among Hindu people. They add great value to the spiritual lives of the people.
The difference between Uttarayana and Dakshinayana:
The period when the sun travels from Capricorn to Cancer, i.e., from South to North, is Uttarayaana. The sun’s journey in the North direction from winter to summer solstice has three seasons: winter, spring, and summer.
The period of Uttarayana begins on 14th January on Makar Sankranti and ends on 16th January on Karaka Sankranti.
Dakshinayana is the opposite of Uttarayana, i.e., when the sun travels from Cancer to Capricorn, i.e., from North to South. Generally, it is the period of rains, autumn, and winter.
It is believed that Uttarayana is the day, and Dakshinayana is the night period for gods. So Uttarayana considered the auspicious period. A person who dies in Uttarayana will go to heaven.
Sankranti celebrations across India:
Across India, Makar Sankranti is celebrated in various ways. With the single notion of joy, the entire nation welcomes the season of harvest.
Telugu people will burn old things of the house, Bengalis prepare sweets, Punjabis make a bonfire, etc. Sankranti has different names in various states.
Sankranti celebration in Telangana and Andhra Pradesh:
In Telangana and Andhra Pradesh Sankranti festival is celebrated for four days. Each day has its importance. The first day is celebrating as Bhogi; on this day, people will burn the old household stuff and get the new stuff.
The fire signifies knowledge of Rudra, a form of Lord Shiva. People will shower children with Indian Jujube, believing that it protects them from evil. On the second day, Makar Sankranti celebrated with sweets. People wear new clothes and make rangoli.
The third day is Kanuma, cattle fed on this day. And the final day is Mukkanuma. On this day, people have fun with their family members with cockfights, bull races, and flying kites.
Sankranti celebration in Bihar and Jharkhand:
In Bihar and Jharkhand, Sankranti celebrated for two days. Sankranti termed as Sakraat or Khichdi. The first day is Makar Sankranti. On this day, people will take a bath in ponds and have sweet delicacies.
Gielgud, made from jaggery and sesame seeds, is an iconic dish. The second day is called Makraat. On this day, khichdi is prepared from dal, rice, potatoes, cauliflower, and peas.
Sankranti celebration in Gujarat:
In Gujarat, the festival is termed Uttarayan or Makar Sankranti. It lasts for two days. The first day is celebrating Uttarayan. Kite flying contests are held on this day.
The following day is Vasi, various delicacies made from chikki, sesame seeds, jaggery, peanut to celebrate the occasion.
Makar Sankranti celebration in Punjab:
In Punjab, the festival is celebrated for two days. The first day is Lohri, related to the harvesting of winter crops like sugarcane. People lit bonfires in the night to worship the fire god. The next day, Maghi noted it as a financial new year to farmers.
Makar Sankranti celebration in Maharashtra :
Makar Sankranti celebration is huge in Maharashtra for three days. The first day is Bhogi, the second day is Sankranti, and the last day is Kinkrant. The victory of Goddess Sankranti over demon Sankarasur is celebrated as Sankranti in Maharashtra.
Makar Sankranti Celebrations in Tamil Nadu
In Tamil Nadu, the festival Sankranti is celebrated much like Telangana and Andhra Pradesh Sankranti for four days. The first day is Bhogi.
People burn old household stuff and place neem on the roof and walls to protect them from evil, Kappu Kattu. The second day is Pongal, various delicacies made.
The third day is Mattu Pongal, cattle fed on this day, and in some villages, the wild bulls called Jallikattu organised. The last day is kanuma Pongal.
Makar Sankranti Celebrations in West Bengal:
On Sankranti, different delicious delicacies like pithe, maalpoaa, narkel Nadu, paatisapta, til Nadu are preparing. In West Bengal, Sankranti is known as Poshu Parbon.
Kumbh Mela: Kumbh Mela history and its importance
In India, Kumbh Mela is the highlight of Makar Sankranti. It is one of the largest religious gatherings in the world. Allahabad Khumb Mela, Haridwar Khumb Mela, Nashik-Trimbakeshwar Simhastha, and Ujjain Simhastha are four fairs recognise as traditional Khumbmelas.
Happy Sankranti Wishes in Kannada:
In Karnataka, people celebrate Sankranti as Makar Sankranti. On this day, Kannadiga farmers will pray for Sun God for giving sunlight to their crops and help them grow. This is the first harvest, and farmers offer this to god as a token of gratitude for protecting and saving the farm and people for the whole year.
Everyone does Sankranti Wishes in Kannada, and there is a saying, “Ellu Bella thindu Olle maathadi,” which means “eat the mixture of sesame seeds and jaggery and speak only good.” At the festival, Suggi and Kannada, people dress in their finery and serve ellu Bella. Ellu Bella is a dish prepare by mixing sesame seeds, jaggery, and coconuts.
Makar Sankranti is one of the biggest festivals and even involves cattle. On the festival day, all the cows and bulls were decorated with colourful costumes and worshipped. The streets are filled with rangoli, and kids fly kites and do Sankranti wishes in Kannada.
Some of the Sankranti wishes in Kannada
Happy Sankranti Wishes, Messages, and Status:
Here I’m going to share Happy Sankranti Wishes 2021 for WhatsApp and Facebook. You may also check Happy Sankranti wallpaper and Sankranti photos for the Pc desktop. Here are the Best happy Sankranti Wishes 2021 to send to your dear ones through Facebook, WhatsApp, etc.
May this auspicious festival bring you
Overflowing happiness, joy and prosperity
Wishing you a blessed and happy Pongal!
Hope your rejoice in the charm of your tradition!
Wish you a very happy Pongal!
I pray that this festival may be the start of your brighter days
Filled with happiness, good luck and prosperity.
Wishing you a Pongal
That brings you luck and prosperity
Brings you the blessings
Happy Pongal 2021!!
Pongal is a great Festival
May God sun bless you continues
and give your great harvest again and again
Pongal wishes this festival brings good luck and prosperity and hopes it is joyous and fills your days ahead with happiness. Have a wonderful Sankranti 2021!!
The Joyous Season Is Here Of Jaggery
And Till Of Sunshine And
Warmth Of Kite Flying And
Merriment Of Peace And Happiness
Happy Makar Sankranti
May the Sun Radiate
Peace, Prosperity &
Happiness in your Life
on Makar Sankranti
May This Festival Bring,
In The Promise Of A Good Harvest,
Sweetness Of Pongal Brightness Of The Sun Joy,
Hope And Happiness
Happy Makar Sankranti!
The sun rises the new hope,
Kites vigor, crops are ready to be harvest,
all denoting hope, joy and abundance,
Wishing you a very happy Makar Sankranti!!
Wish that the warmth of Bonn fire,
the sweetness of Gur and Rewri
at Lohri remain with you n forever…
Enjoy this Lohri to the fullest
and don’t forget to put Rewri, moon fall
and popcorns in the Lohri fire
This will definitely bring good luck for you!!
May the Lohri fire burn all the moments of sadness,
bring you the warmth of joy, happiness and love
Spread the message of peace and happiness of Lohri.
On this festive occasion of Lohri,
may God bless you with lifelong companionship
and may it open doors of happiness for your offsprings!
A very Happy Lohri!
Wishing God’s abundant blessings fill your life
with happiness and pleasant surprises this Lohri and always.
Have a happy Lohri