Sankranti is a harvest festival, it is a major Hindu festival in India. Sankranti is celebrated on 14th of January in 2018. The meaning of Sankranti is transmigration of the sun from one zodiac to the next. As per the solar calendars of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Odisha, Punjab and Gujarat, there are 12 Sankranti in a year, each one is noted as the beginning of a month. While in the sola calendars of Bengal and Assam, it is noted at the end of each month and the following day as the starting of a new month.
Why do we celebrate Sankranti?
Sankranti is celebrated for many reasons based on agricultural environment, different climate, various cultures and location. Sankranti is the transmigration of the sun into Capricorn on its celestial path. Every year on 14th of January Makar Sankranti is celebrated, it is the only festival that is celebrated on the fixed date of the solar calendar in India. All the other Indian festivals are celebrated on the according to the lunar calendar dates. Literally, the meaning of Sankranti is movement, in Hindu calendar, the sun enters into zodiac Capricorn. It is also termed as Utarayana(the movement of the sun towards north).
Indians follow the lunar calendar, the difference between the solar calendar and lunar calendar is, in the lunar calendar the time taken for the moon to go from new moon to new moon and from full moon to full moon is 29.5 days. 12 full moons will occur in 354 days, so the lunar year has 354 days. And in the solar calendar, the time taken for the sun to return to the same spot is 365.25 days. There is the difference of 11.25 days between the two calendars. Therefore, to synchronize the two calendars approximately, for every 2.5 years an intercalary month is added to the lunar calendar.
According to Puranas, it is believed that on the day of Sankranti, Lord Surya visits his son Lord Shani to jol the son and father’s good relationship in spite of the differences between them. The Puranas also mention that they never get along ordinarily. Lord Shani is also the representative of Capricorn.
There is another myth behind the celebration of Sankranti festival, Bhishma Pitamah was born sanctified with a special boon of choosing his death time. After being wounded in the war of Mahabharata and he was laid on the bed of arrows, he was waiting for auspicious time to die and it is said that he has died on this particular day. So it is believed that whoever dies in this particular period will get salvation(moksha).
Another legend states that on Sankranti King Bhageeratha brought the River Ganga down to Patala to get salvation to his cursed ancestors. Sage Kapila cursed then and turned into ashes.
Another myth is that Lord Vishnu buried Ashuras below the Mandara mountain on this day. It marks the end of evil and the dawn of good.
Uttarayana and Dakshinayana:
Uttarayana and Dakshinayana are the terms common among Hindu people. They add great values in the spiritual lives of the people. Here is the difference between Uttarayana and Dakshinayana.
The period when the sun travels from Capricorn to Cancer i.e. from South to North is termed as Uttarayaana. The sun’s journey in North direction from winter to summer solstice has three seasons: winter, spring and summer. The period of Uttarayana begins on 14th January on Makar Sankranti and ends on 16th January on Karaka Sankranti.
Dakshinayana is the opposite of Uttarayana i.e. the period when the sun travels from Cancer to Capricorn i.e. from North to South. Generally, it is the period of rains, autumn and winter.
It is believed that Uttarayana is the day period for gods and Dakshinayana is night period. So Uttarayana is considered the auspicious period. A person who dies in Uttarayana will go to heaven.
Sankranti celebrations across India:
Across India makar Sankranti is celebrated in various ways. With the single notion of joy, the entire nation welcomes the season of harvest. Telugu people will burn old things of the house, Bengalis prepare sweets, Punjabis make bonfire etc. Sankranti has different names in various states.
Sankranti celebration in Telangana and Andhra Pradesh:
In Telangana and Andhra Pradesh Sankranti festival is celebrated for four days, each day has its own importance. The first day is celebrated as Bhogi, on this day people will burn the old household stuff and get the new stuff. The fire signifies knowledge of Rudra, a form of Lord Shiva. People will shower children with Indian Jujube, believing that it protects from evil. On the second day, Makar Sankranti is celebrated, sweets are prepared, people wear new clothes and rangoli is made. The third day is Kanuma, cattle are fed on this day. And the final day is Makkanuma, on this day people have fun with their family members with cockfights, bull races and flying kites.
Sankranti celebration in Bihar and Jharkhand:
In Bihar and Jharkhand, Sankranti is celebrated for two days. Sankranti is termed as Sakraat or Khichdi. The first day is Makar Sankranti, on this day people will take bathe in ponds and have sweet delicacies. Gielgud made from jaggery and sesame seeds is an iconic dish. The second day is called as Makraat, on this day a dish called khichdi is prepared from dal, rice, potatoes, cauliflower and peas.
Sankranti celebration in Gujarat:
In Gujarat, the festival is termed as Uttarayan or Makar Sankranti, it lasts for two days. The first day is celebrated as Uttarayan, kite flying contests are held on this day. The following day is Vasi, various delicacies are made from chikki, sesame seeds, jaggery, peanut to celebrate the occasion.
Makar Sankranti celebration in Punjab:
In Punjab, the festival is celebrated for two days, the first day is Lohri, it is related to harvesting of winter crops like sugarcane, people lit bonfires in the night to worship fire god. Next day is Maghi noted as a financial new year to farmers.
Makar Sankranti celebration in Maharashtra :
Makar Sankranti celebration is huge in Maharashtra. It is celebrated for three days, the First day is Bhogi, the second day is Sankranti and the last day is Kinkrant. The victory of Goddess Sankranti over demon Sankarasur is celebrated as Sankranti in Maharashtra.
Makar Sankranti Celebrations in Tamil Nadu
In Tamil Nadu, the festival Sankranti is celebrated much like Telangana and Andhra Pradesh Sankranti. It is celebrated for four days, the first day is Bhogi, people burn old household stuff and place neem on the roof and walls of the house to protect from evil, this is called Kappu Kattu. The second day is called as Pongal, various delicacies are made. The third day is Mattu Pongal, cattle are fed on this day and in some villages taming of wild bulls called as Jallikattu is organized. The last day is kanuma Pongal.
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Makar Sankranti Celebrations in West Bengal:
On Sankranti different delicious delicacies like pithe, maalpoaa, narkel Nadu, paatisapta, til Nadu are prepared. In West Bengal, it is known as Poshu Parbon.
Kumbh Mela: Kumbh Mela history and its importance
In India, Kumbh Mela is the highlight of Makar Sankranti. It is one of the largest religious gatherings in the world. Allahabad Khumb Mela, Haridwar Khumb Mela, Nashik-Trimbakeshwar Simhastha and Ujjain Simhastha are four fairs recognized as traditional Khumbmelas.
Makar Sankranti Wishes, Messages and Status:
Here I’m gonna share Happy Sankranti Wishes 2018 for WhatsApp and Facebook. You may also check Happy Sankranti wallpaper and Sankranti photos for Pc desktop. Here are the Best Makar Sankranti Wishes 2018 to send your dear ones through Facebook, WhatsApp etc.
May this auspicious festival bring you
Overflowing happiness, joy and prosperity
Wishing you a blessed and happy Pongal!
Hope your rejoice in the charm of your tradition!
Wish you a very happy Pongal!
I pray that this festival may be the start of your brighter days
Filled with happiness, good luck and prosperity.
Wishing you a Pongal
That brings you luck and prosperity
Brings you the blessings
Happy Pongal 2018!!
Pongal is a great Festival
May God sun bless you continues
and give your great harvest again and again
Pongal Wishing that this festival brings good luck and prosperity and hoping that it is joyous, and fills ur days ahead with happiness. Have a wonderful Sankranti 2018!!
The Joyous Season Is Here Of Jaggery
And Till Of Sunshine And
Warmth Of Kite Flying And
Merriment Of Peace And Happiness
Happy Makar Sankranti
May the Sun Radiate
Peace, Prosperity &
Happiness in your Life
on Makar Sankranti
May This Festival Bring,
In The Promise Of A Good Harvest,
Sweetness Of Pongal Brightness Of The Sun Joy,
Hope And Happiness
Happy Makar Sankranti!
The sun rises the new hope,
Kites vigor, crops are ready to be harvested,
all denoting hope, joy and abundance,
Wishing you a very happy Makar Sankranti!!
Wish that the warmth of Bonn fire,
the sweetness of Gur and Rewri
at Lohri remain with you n forever…
Enjoy this Lohri to the fullest
and don’t forget to put Rewri, moon fall
and popcorns in the Lohri fire
This will definitely bring good luck for you!!
May the Lohri fire burn all the moments of sadness,
bring you the warmth of joy, happiness and love
Spread the message of peace and happiness of Lohri.
On this festive occasion of Lohri,
may God bless you with lifelong companionship
and may it open doors of happiness for your offsprings!
A very Happy Lohri!
Wishing God’s abundant blessings fill your life
with happiness and pleasant surprises this Lohri and always.
Have a happy Lohri