Makar Sankranti is a harvest festival. It is a major Hindu festival in India. Sankranti is celebrated on the 15th of January in 2023. The meaning of Sankranti is the transmigration of the sun from one zodiac to the next.
People around India celebrate and convey Sankranti’s wishes to everyone. As per the solar calendars of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Odisha, Punjab, and Gujarat, there are 12 Sankranti in a year, each one noted as the beginning of a month.
While in the solar calendar of Bengal and Assam, it is noted at the end of each month and the following day at the start of a new month.
- 1 Why do we celebrate Makar Sankranti?
- 2 Uttarayana and Dakshinayana:
- 3 Sankranti celebrations across India:
- 3.1 Sankranti celebration in Telangana and Andhra Pradesh:
- 3.2 Makar Sankranti celebration in Maharashtra :
- 3.3 Makar Sankranti Celebrations in Tamil Nadu
- 3.4 Makar Sankranti Celebrations in West Bengal:
- 3.5 Kumbh Mela: Kumbh Mela history and its importance
- 3.6 Happy Sankranti Wishes in Kannada:
- 3.7 Happy Sankranti Wishes, Messages, and Status:
- 3.8 Lohri Quotes:
- 4 Frequently asked questions (FAQs):
Why do we celebrate Makar Sankranti?
Sankranti is celebrated based on the agricultural environment, different climates, various cultures, and locations. Sankranti is the transmigration of the sun into Capricorn on its celestial path.
Every year in January, Makar Sankranti is celebrated, and the only festival celebrated on the fixed date of the solar calendar in India. All the other Indian festivals are celebrated according to the lunar calendar dates.
The meaning of Sankranti is movement. In the Hindu calendar, the Sun enters the zodiac Capricorn. Sankranti is also Utarayana(the sun’s movement towards the north).
Indians follow the lunar calendar, which is the difference between solar and lunar calendars. In the lunar calendar, the time taken for the moon to go from new moon to new moon and from full moon to full moon is 29.5 days.
Twelve full moons will occur in 354 days, so the lunar year has 354 days. And in the solar calendar, the time taken for the sun to return to the same spot is 365.25 days.
There is a difference of 11.25 days between the two calendars. Therefore, to synchronise the two calendars approximately, for every 2.5 years, an intercalary month was added to the lunar calendar.
More About Sankranti
According to Puranas, everyone believed that on the day of Sankranti, Lord Surya visited his son Lord Shani to jol the son and father’s good relationship despite their differences.
The Puranas also mention that they never get along ordinarily. Lord Shani is also the representative of Capricorn.
There is another myth behind the celebration of the Sankranti festival, Bhishma Pitamah was born sanctified with a particular boon of choosing his death time.
After being wounded in the war of Mahabharata, he was laid on the bed of arrows. He was waiting for the auspicious time to die and said he had died on this day. So believed, whoever dies in this period will get salvation(moksha).
Another legend states that on Sankranti, King Bhageeratha brought the River Ganga down to Patala to get salvation for his cursed ancestors. Sage Kapila cursed then and turned into ashes.
In another myth, Lord Vishnu buried Ashuras below the Mandara mountain on this day. It marks the end of evil and the dawn of good.
Uttarayana and Dakshinayana:
Uttarayana and Dakshinayana are terms common among Hindu people. They add significant value to the spiritual lives of the people.
The difference between Uttarayana and Dakshinayana:
The period when the sun travels from Capricorn to Cancer, i.e., from South to North, is Uttarayaana. The sun’s journey in the North direction from winter to summer solstice has three seasons: winter, spring, and summer.
Uttarayana begins on 14th January on Makar Sankranti and ends on 17th January on Karaka Sankranti.
Dakshinayana is the opposite of Uttarayana, i.e., when the sun travels from Cancer to Capricorn, i.e., from North to South. Generally, it is the period of rai4, autumn, and winter.
It is believed that Uttarayana is the day, and Dakshinayana is the night period for gods. So Uttarayana is an auspicious period in Hindu tradition. A person who dies in Uttarayana will go to heaven.
Sankranti celebrations across India:
Across India, People celebrate Makar Sankranthi in various ways. The entire nation welcomes the harvest season with the single notion of joy.
Telugu people burn old things from the house, Bengalis prepare sweets, Punjabis make a bonfire, etc. Sankranti has different names in various states.
Sankranti celebration in Telangana and Andhra Pradesh:
In Telangana and Andhra Pradesh, the Sankranti festival is celebrated for four days. Each day has its importance. The first day is Bhogi; on this day, people will burn the old household stuff and get the new stuff.
The fire signifies knowledge of Rudra, a form of Lord Shiva. People will shower children with Indian Jujube, believing it protects them from evil. On the second day, Makar Sankranti is celebrated with sweets. People wear new clothes and make rangoli.
The third day is Kanuma, and cattle are fed on this day. And the final day is Mukkanuma. People have fun with their family members on this day through cockfights, bull races, and flying kites.
Major activities to do on Makar Sankranthi:
Decorate the house with Rangoli: Traditionally, decorating a house with Rangoli is the most done activity on Sankranti. There is a belief that this colourful rangoli welcomes prosperity to the house.
Fly Kites: Many states fly kites on Sankranti as a traditional and fun activity. It can also help to bond with children and enjoy the festival wholeheartedly.
Enjoy Bonfire on Bhogi: Bonfire is a famous tradition to do on Bhogi. Every family puts their old furniture in the fire and wish the deity to burn all their problem.
Cook Sesame and Jaggery sweet: Eating delicious food is the best way to enjoy any festival. So, Make delicious sweets with Sesame and Jaggery as traditional food.
Feed Animals: Sankranti festival is also a festival of animals. On Kanuma, farmers feed their animals to show their gratitude.
Makar Sankranti is a festival in which everyone should decorate their house. Here are some ideas to decorate the house.
Rangoli in front of the house: The best way to decorate the house is to draw a colourful rangoli in the gateway of the house. Not only for decoration, but rangoli is also a tradition on a festive day.
With green leaves: Hindu tradition says that putting green leaves on the door welcomes the deity into the house. It also adds beauty to the place.
Decorate with flowers: Every house has a pooja space. On this auspicious day, decorate the pooja space with different flowers to make it even more beautiful and colourful.
Kite theme decoration: Pongal is the festival of kites. So use colourful kites to decorate the house.
Sankranti celebration in Bihar and Jharkhand:
In Bihar and Jharkhand, people celebrate Sankranti for two days. Sankranti termed as Sakraat or Khichdi. The first day is Makar Sankranti. People will bathe in ponds and have sweet delicacies on this day.
Gielgud, made from jaggery and sesame seeds, is an iconic dish. The second day is called Makraat. On this day, khichdi is prepared from dal, rice, potatoes, cauliflower, and peas.
Sankranti celebration in Gujarat:
In Gujarat, the festival is termed Uttarayan or Makar Sankranti. It lasts for two days. The first day is celebrating Uttarayan. Kite-flying contests are held on this day.
The following day is Vasi, various delicacies made from chikki, sesame seeds, jaggery, and peanut to celebrate the occasion.
Makar Sankranti celebration in Punjab:
In Punjab, the festival is celebrated for two days. The first day is Lohri, related to harvesting winter crops like sugarcane. People lit bonfires at night to worship the fire god. Maghi noted it as a financial new year to farmers the next day.
Makar Sankranti celebration in Maharashtra :
The Makar Sankranti celebration is huge in Maharashtra for three days. The first day is Bhogi, the second is Sankranti, and the last is Kinkrant. The victory of Goddess Sankranti over demon Sankarasur is celebrated as Sankranti in Maharashtra.
Makar Sankranti Celebrations in Tamil Nadu
In Tamil Nadu, people celebrate it the same as in Telangana and Andhra Pradesh. The first day is Bhogi.
People burn old household stuff and place neem on the roof and walls to protect them from evil, Kappu Kattu. The second day is Pongal, with various delicacies made.
The third day is Mattu Pongal. Cattle fed on this day; in some villages, the wild bulls called Jallikattu organise. Lastly, the last day is Kanuma Pongal.
Makar Sankranti Celebrations in West Bengal:
Tamil Nadu people celebrate the festival by making delicious delicacies like pithe, maalpoaa, narkel Nadu, paatisapta, and til Nadu. In West Bengal, Sankranti is known as Poshu Parbon.
Kumbh Mela: Kumbh Mela history and its importance
In India, Kumbh Mela is the highlight of Makar Sankranti. It is one of the largest religious gatherings in the world. Additionally, there are Allahabad Khumb Mela, Haridwar Khumb Mela, Nashik-Trimbakeshwar Simhastha, and Ujjain Simhastha are the four fairs which are traditional Khumbmelas.
Happy Sankranti Wishes in Kannada:
In Karnataka, people celebrate Sankranti as Makar Sankranti. Especially on this day, Kannadiga farmers will pray to Sun God to give sunlight to their crops and help them grow. This is the first harvest, and farmers offer this to god as a token of gratitude for protecting and saving the farm and people for the whole year.
Everyone does Sankranti Wishes in Kannada, and there is a saying, “Ellu Bella thindu Olle maathadi,” which means “eat the mixture of sesame seeds and jaggery and speak only good.” At the festival, Suggi and Kannada, people dress in their finery and serve ellu Bella. Ellu Bella is a famous dish with sesame seeds, jaggery, and coconuts.
Makar Sankranti is one of the biggest festivals and even involves cattle. All the cows and bulls are decorated with colourful costumes and worship on the festival day.
With rangoli, delicious food, flying kites and wishing everyone in Kannada enjoys Sankranti happily.
Some of the Sankranti wishes in Kannada.
Happy Sankranti Wishes, Messages, and Status:
Here I will share Happy Sankranti Wishes 2023 on WhatsApp and Facebook. You may also check the Happy Sankranti wallpaper and Sankranti photos for the PC desktop. Here are the Best Happy Sankranti Wishes for 2023 to send to your dear ones through Facebook, WhatsApp, etc.
May this auspicious festival bring you
Overflowing happiness, joy and prosperity
Wishing you a blessed and happy Pongal!
We are all excited to celebrate the year’s first festival with festivity and favour.
With dreams in mind, let’s fly a kite that fills the engine of happiness in life. Happy Makar Sankranti 2023!!
I pray that this festival may be the start of your brighter days
Filled with happiness, good luck and prosperity.
Wishing you a Pongal
That brings you luck and prosperity
Brings you the blessings
Happy Pongal 2023!!
The sun will change
There will be a change in someones luck.
This year will be the fisrt festival,
When we all will celebrate together
Challenges of Sankranti 2023.
Pongal wishes this festival brings good luck and prosperity and hopes it is joyous and fills your days ahead with happiness. Have a wonderful Sankranti 2023!!
The Joyous Season Is Here Of Jaggery
And Till Of Sunshine And
Warmth Of Kite Flying And
Merriment Of Peace And Happiness
Happy Makar Sankranti
May the Sun Radiate
Peace, Prosperity &
Happiness in your Life
on Makar Sankranti
May This Festival Bring,
In The Promise Of A Good Harvest,
Sweetness Of Pongal Brightness Of The Sun Joy,
Hope And Happiness
Happy Makar Sankranti!
The sun rises the new hope,
Kites vigor, crops are ready to be harvest,
all denoting hope, joy and abundance,
Wishing you a very happy Makar Sankranti!!
Wish that the warmth of Bonn fire,
the sweetness of Gur and Rewri
at Lohri remain with you n forever…
Enjoy this Lohri to the fullest
and don’t forget to put Rewri, moon fall
and popcorns in the Lohri fire
This will definitely bring good luck for you!!
May the Lohri fire burn all the moments of sadness,
bring you the warmth of joy, happiness and love
Spread the message of peace and happiness of Lohri.
On this festive occasion of Lohri,
may God bless you with lifelong companionship
and may it open doors of happiness for your offsprings!
A very Happy Lohri!
Wishing God’s abundant blessings fill your life
with happiness and pleasant surprises this Lohri and always.
Have a happy Lohri
Frequently asked questions (FAQs):
The Hindu festival is dedicated to Lord Sun.
It is celebrated as the Sun transmigrates from one zodiac sign to another.
Most families don’t eat meat on a festive day because it is one of the auspicious days.
Hindu tradition says that Black is an inauspicious colour. So many people avoid this colour on festive days.