About Indira Awas Yojana (IAY)
Indira Awas Yojana (IAY) was a sub-scheme of the Rural Landless Employment Guarantee Programme (RLEGP). It is a social welfare program first launched by Rajiv Gandhi in the year 1985.
The Programme was the housing program of the Ministry of Rural Development. The main motive was to work towards constructing houses for the below poverty line population in rural India.
In the financial year 1995-96, the program extended to widows and close relatives of defense personnel killed in action and from 1997-98.
The program extended to Scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes, Free bonded laborers in Rural areas. The Grama Sabha selected the beneficiary list.
60% of the total scheme allocation should be utilized for the up-gradation/construction of dwelling units for SC/ST BPL households.
The 40% of allocation is for non-SC/ST BPL households. 3% of allocation for physically and mentally challenged persons. The scheme is funded by the Centre and State government in 75:25 ratios.
From 2016-17, IAY was rename Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Gramin). The share of the Central & State government for this scheme is 60:40 ratios which means the central share is Rs 72,000/- and the State share is 48,000/-.
RCC roofing cost Rs 50000/-. The total Unit cost is Rs 1.7 Lakhs. The total allocation cost is Rs 2304.405 Crores.
Key Features of IAY
- Homes constructed Under IAY were under the joint ownership of wife and husband, except unmarried, widowed, and divorced. If the house was constructed on the eligibility of disability, then they maintained sole ownership.
- The construction is carried out by the beneficiary only. Any external involvement was not permissible like contractors or agencies. If the government finds such things, it withholds or confiscates the funding. Beneficiaries can acquire support from NGOs, youth clubs, and others for monitoring and assisting during construction.
- This scheme’s main objective and initiative are to promote an eco-friendly and sustainable mode of building houses. Locally sourced materials preferred.
- The funds are release in installments.
- 1st installment 25% of the total cost given on the sanctioned day of Indira Awas Yojana.
- 2nd installment 60% of the total cost given on the completion of reaching the lintel level.
- 3rd and final of the remaining 15% of the total cost given on the house’s total completion, including bathroom and lavatory and the beneficiary living in the house.
- After receiving the 1st installment, the beneficiary had nine months to complete the first stage, and the same after 2nd installment, only nine months to complete the house.
Benefits of IAY
- Under the scheme, residents have to design their houses according to their requirements.
- Aim to use the locally sourced materials for construction which lasts at least 30 years.
- IAY is promoting eco-friendly and environmentally sustainable construction techniques and generating employment.
- IAY encouraged Panchayat to spearhead change in their constituency, so the program was effectively implement across the Nation.
- The scheme supports the construction of houses with required provisions like workplaces.
Eligibility for the Indira Awas Yojana
IAY scheme’s main aim is to construct houses for the poor lives in rural areas of India. Other than BPL, people below are also eligible for this scheme.
- Disabled or disabled citizens
- Ex-service personnel
- The Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe category people
- Free bonded laborers
- Parliamentary Personnel killed in action and next of kin of defense
- The marginalized sector of society citizens.
Special Projects by IAY
IAY scheme made accessible reserve funds from the Central Government to ensure that some special projects were carried out smoothly across the states.
- Rehabilitating the below poverty line families and affected by the violent outbreaks
- Rehabilitating the below poverty line families and affected by natural calamities
- Offering settlement to the families forced to relocate to the international borders.
- Providing settlement for scavengers, tribal societies, and laborers
- Providing rehabilitation for individuals affected by occupational diseases and “Kala-azar.”
Official Website for IAY