National Immunization Schedule in India for Infants & Children

National Immunization Schedule

Immunization is an artificial method to provide immunity against antigens through vaccines. Vaccines will restore the body’s immune response that results in antibodies that fight against diseases if the body experiences the same problem in the future. Every country has its own National Immunization Schedule Programme.

National Immunization schedule

Immunization is a process to make a person immune or resistant to infectious diseases by taking vaccines that stimulate the body’s immune system. This process will be successful when all the people of the nation cooperates.

national immunization schedule or Vaccination

Immunization is one of the global health and development success stories which saves millions of lives every year. Vaccines build natural defense protection in the body and work to reduce the risk of getting diseases.

Nearly the vaccines prevent more than 20 life-threatening diseases that help people of all ages live longer and healthier lives.

By implementing the National, Immunization prevents 2-3 million deaths every year. The disease diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, influenza, and measles are prevented.

Vaccines are also critical to prevent and control infectious disease outbreaks. This immunization will support global health security and vital tool to battle against antimicrobial resistance.

Effects of Vaccination

Sometimes vaccination also will have some side effects as pain at the injection spot and mild fever. DPT (Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus) Vaccine will show some side effects, and for measles, vaccine rashes may develop after use. After taking some vaccines may also cause allergies in babies.

In some cases, the baby may get a high fever and even lose consciousness after vaccinating. In such cases, the baby must be taken to the doctor immediately. By consulting doctors and taking treatment correctly will result in complete recovery from fever.

National Immunization Schedule Chart 2020

Below is the latest National Immunization Schedule 2020 chart by the government of India.

Age Vaccination
Birth Bacillus Calmette Guerin (BCG), Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV)-0 dose, Hepatitis B birth dose
  6 Weeks OPV-1, Pentavalent-1, Rotavirus Vaccine (RVV)-1, Fractional dose of Inactivated Polio Vaccine (IPV)-1, Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV) -1
10 weeks OPV-2, Pentavalent-2, RVV-2
14 weeks OPV-3, Pentavalent-3, fIPV-2, RVV-3, PCV-2
9-12 months Measles & Rubella (MR)-1, JE-1, PCV-Booster
16-24 months MR-2, JE-2, Diphtheria, Pertussis & Tetanus (DPT)-Booster-1, OPV – Booster
5-6 years DPT-Booster-2
10 years Tetanus & adult Diphtheria (Td)
16 years Td
Pregnant Mother Td-1, Td-2 or Td-Booster
Vaccines at Different Stages of Age

National Immunization Schedule Table for Pregnant Women, Infants & Children

For Pregnant Women
Vaccine When to give Dose Route Site
Tetanus & adult Diphtheria (Td)- 1 Early in pregnancy 0.5 ml Intra-muscular Upper Arm
Td-2 4 weeks after Td- 1 0.5 ml Intra-muscular Upper Arm
Td- Booster If received 2 TT/Td doses in pregnancy within the last 3 years* 0.5 ml Intra-muscular Upper Arm
For Infants
Vaccine When to give Dose Route Site
Bacillus Calmette Guerin (BCG) At birth or as early as possible till one year of age 0.1ml (0.05ml until 1 month age) Intra-dermal Left Upper Arm
Hepatitis B – Birth Dose At birth or as early as possible within 24 hours 0.5 ml Intra-muscular Antero-lateral side of the mid-thigh
Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV)-0 At birth or as early as possible within the first 15 days 2 drops Oral Oral
OPV 1, 2 & 3 At 6 weeks, 10 weeks & 14 weeks (OPV can be given till 5 years of age) 2 drops Oral Oral
Pentavalent 1, 2 & 3 At 6 weeks, 10 weeks & 14 weeks (can be given till one year of age) 0.5 ml Intra-muscular Antero-lateral side of the mid-thigh
Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine(PCV) Two primary doses at 6 and 14 weeks followed by a Booster dose at 9-12 months 0.5 ml Intra-muscular Antero-lateral side of the mid-thigh
Rotavirus (RVV) At 6 weeks, 10 weeks & 14 weeks (can be given till one year of age) 5 drops (liquid vaccine) 2.5 ml (lyophilized vaccine) Oral Oral
Inactivated Polio Vaccine (IPV) Two fractional doses at 6 and 14 weeks of age 0.1 ml Intradermal two fractional dose Intra-dermal: Right upper arm
Measles-Rubella (MR) 1st   dose 9 completed months-12 months. (Measles can be given till 5 years of age) 0.5 ml Sub-cutaneous Right upper arm
Japanese Encephalitis (JE) – 1 9 completed months-12 months. 0.5 ml   Sub-cutaneous (Live attenuated vaccine)     Intramuscular(Killed vaccine)   Left upper Arm (Live attenuated vaccine)   Anterolateral aspect of mid-thigh (Killed vaccine)
Vitamin A (1st   dose) At 9 completed months with measles-Rubella 1 ml ( 1 lakh IU) Oral Oral
For Children
Vaccine When to give Dose Route Site
Diphtheria, Pertussis & Tetanus (DPT) booster-1 16-24 months 0.5 ml Intra-muscular Antero-lateral side of mid-thigh
MR 2nd   dose 16-24 months 0.5 ml Sub-cutaneous Right upper arm
OPV Booster 16-24 months 2 drops Oral Oral
JE-2 16-24 months 0.5 ml   Sub-cutaneous (Live attenuated vaccine)     Intramuscular(Killed vaccine)   Left upper Arm (Live attenuated vaccine) Anterolateral aspect of mid-thigh (Killed vaccine)
Vitamin A (2nd to 9th dose) 16-18 months. Then one dose every 6 months Up to the age of 5 years. 2 ml (2 lakh IU) Oral Oral
DPT Booster-2 5-6 years 0.5 ml. Intra-muscular Upper Arm
Td 10 years & 16 years 0.5 ml Intra-muscular Upper Arm

Udyog Aadhar | Udyog Aadhar Online Registration Process, Eligibility

Note
  • JE Vaccine is in select endemic districts after the campaign.
  • The  2nd to  9th doses of  Vitamin  A  can be given to children1-5  years old during biannual rounds in collaboration with ICDS.
  • PCV is given in selected states/districts: Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan & Uttar Pradesh (selected districts), and in Haryana as a state initiative

WHO – Immunization and Vaccines

  • World Health Organization is working with all the countries to improve global vaccination coverage under the “global vaccine action plan 2011-2020.” WHO also
  • It helps all the countries to give a commitment to immunization as the priority. World Health Organisation is working with the countries to set targets and plans and allocate sufficient financial and human resources.
  • The organization also supports the individuals and communities in understanding the benefits of vaccine and immunization demand as every country’s rights and responsibility.
  • Developing plans accordingly and supply materials to make sure that the vaccines reach every person.
  • Vaccines strengthen the immunization system so that they can serve as a platform for delivering health interventions.
  • It is also developing targeted research and development innovations to new and improved vaccines.

FAQs

What is National Immunization Schedule?

The national immunization schedule is a series of vaccination that includes the timing and doses recommended and sometimes necessary.

This immunization schedule is also known as the vaccination schedule. Vaccines require multiple doses for maximum effectiveness to produce a sufficient immune response and to boost the faded response.

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